Below we list examples of some key artists and artisans from each period; some names are abbreviated, but the list is by no means exhaustive.

Prehistoric Art (~40,000–4,000 B.C.)

No artists recorded - stencilled hand signatures on cave wall

Ancient Art (4,000 B.C.–A.D. 400).

Agatharchos painter, Bryaxis sculptor, Chares of Lyndos sculptor, Daidalos sculptor, Damophon sculptor, Dionysios sculptor, Eutychides sculptor, Gnosis mosaicist, Hippodamos city planner, Isigonos sculptor, Kritios and Nesiotes sculptors, Lysippos sculptor, Myron of Eleutherai sculptor, Nikomachos of Thebes painter, Onatas sculptor, Pythagora of Rhegion sculptor, Rhoikos architect, Strongylion sculptor, Timotheos sculptor, Zenodoros bronze sculptor.

Medieval Art (500–1400).

Donatello, Giotto, Leon Battista Alberti, Cimabue, Filippo Brunelleschi, Fra Angelico, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Claricia, Herrad of Landsberg , Abbess of Hohenburg , Ende, Guda or Guta, Diemud, Abbess Hitda, Hildegard of Bingen.

Renaissance Art (1400–1600).

Donatello, David, Brunelleschi, Masaccio, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Titian, Parmigianino, Anguissola, Carracci.

Mannerism (1527–1580).

Giorgio Vasari, Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Jacopo da Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino , Agnolo Bronzino, Alessandro Allori, Jacopo Tintoretto, El Greco, Benvenuto Cellini, Lavinia Fontana, Joachim Wtewael, Giuseppe Arcimboldo.

Baroque (1600–1750).

Caravaggio, Pieter de Hooch, Frans Hals, Peter Lely, Johan Liss, Bartolome Esteban Murillo, Nicolas Poussin, Rembrandt van Rijn, Peter Paul Rubens, Rosa da Tivoli, Anthony van Dyck , Diego Velazquez, Jan Vermeer.

Rococo (1699–1780).

Jean-Honoré Fragonard, François Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Alessandro Magnasco, Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, François Lemoyne, Antonio Bellucci, Jean Chardin, Jean-Marc Nattier, Gaetano Gandolfi, Francesco Giuseppe Casanova, Nicolas de Largillier, Adélaïde Labille-Guiard.

Neoclassicism (1750–1850).

Antonio Canova , Jacques-Louis David, Francois Gerard, Antoine-Jean Gros, Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres , Angelica Kauffman, Rembrandt Peale, Bertel Thorvaldsen, Élizabeth Louise Vigée-Lebrun, Benjamin West.

Romanticism (1780–1850).

Audubon, Barre, Blake, Chauvin, Constable, Delacroix, Donat, Dyce, Ender, Flandrin, Gandolfi, Goya, Hildebrandt, Isabey, Jacquand, Koch, Landseer, Moran, Nuyen, Overbeck, Palmer, Rossetti, Schinkel, Turner, Vogel, Waterhouse, Wilkie, Zimmermann.

Realism (1848–1900)

Gustave Courbet, Jean Millet, Honore Daumier, Edouard Manet, Jules Breton, Jean Corot, James Whistler.

Art Nouveau (1890–1910)

Aubrey Beardsley, Charles Renee Mackintosh, Gustav Klimt, Alphonse Mucha, Victor Horta, Antony Gaudi.

Impressionism (1865–1885).

Frédéric Bazille, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Berthe Morisot, Camille Pissarro, Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley and Mary Cassatt.

Post-Impressionism (1885–1910)

Paul Gauguin, Paul Cezanne, George Seurat, Henry de Toulouse Lautrec, Camille Pissarro, Vincent Van Gogh, Henri Edmond Cross, Paul Signac, Lucie Cousturier.

Fauvism (1900–1935)

Henri Matisse, Paul Signac, Andre Derain, Georges Braque, Maurice de Vlaminck, Albert Marquet, Charles Camoin, Louis Valtat, Jean Puy, Maurice de Vlaminck, Henri Manguin, Raoul Dufy, Othon Friesz, Georges Rouault, Jean Metzinger, Kees van Dongen

Expressionism (1905 -1920)

Vincent van Gogh, Oskar Kokoschka, Edvard Munch, August Strindberg, Alban Berg, Georges Rouault' Ludwig Meidner, Elfriede Lohse-Wächtler, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Fitz Bleyl, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, and Erich Heckel

Cubism (1907–1914)

Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Jean Metzinger, Marcel Duchamp, Fernand Leger, Albert Gleizes, Juan Gris, Gino Severini, Robert Delauney

Surrealism (1916–1950)

André Breton, Salvador Dali, Rene Magritte, Desmond Morris, Man Ray, Luis Bunuel, Jean Arp, Max Ernst, André Masson, , Yves Tanguy, Pierre Roy, Paul Delvaux, and Joan Miró.

Abstract Expressionism (1940s–1950s)

Jackson Pollock, Willem De Kooning, Mark Rothko, Franz Kline, Philip Guston, Lee Krasner, Robert Motherwell, Jack Tworkov, Helen Frankenthaler, Adolph Gottlieb,

Op Art (1950s–1960s)

Bridget Riley, Richard Anuszkiewicz, Victor Vasarely, Marina Apollonio, Ludwig Wilding, Antonio Asis,

Pop Art (1950s–1960s)

Richard Hamilton, Roy Lichtenstein, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Tom Wesselmann, Claes Oldenburg, James Rosenquist, Peter Max, Mel Ramos, Andy Warhol,

Arte Povera (1960s)

Giovanni Anselmo, Alighiero Boetti, Pier Paolo Calzolari, Luciano Fabro, Guiseppe Penone, Jannis Kounellis, Lucio Fontana, Stuart Arends, Mario Merz, Gilberto Zorio, John Roloff, Roger Ackling.

Minimalism (1960s–1970s)

Donald Judd, Agnes Martin, Dan Flavin, Robert Morris, Anne Truitt, and Frank Stella.

Conceptual Art (1960s–1970s)

Damien Hirst, Robert Montgomery, Joseph Kosuth, Katrin Fridriks, Marcel Duchamp, Sol LeWitt, Yoko Ono, Wei Li, Martha Rosla, Dennis Openheim, John Latham, Marina Ambramovic

Contemporary Art (1970–present)

Banksy, Damien Hirst, Peter Doig, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Christopher Wool, Yoshitomo Nara, Anselm Kiefer, Jeff Koons, Eileen Collins, John Currin, Njideka Akunyili Crosby, Cecily Brown, Jean-Michel Basquiat , Tracy Emin, Peter Blake, David Hockney, Lucien Freud, Francis Bacon, Michael Pybus, Clara Drummond, Dickon Drury, SJ Fuerst.


In reaction against modernism, artists created works that reflected scepticism, nihilism, irony, and philosophical critiques.

Feminist art:

This movement attempts to transform stereotypes and break the paradigm of a male-dominated art history.

Neo Expressionism:

Artists sought to re-stablish original aspects of Expressionism and create highly textural, expressive, large pieces.

Street art:

Artists such as Keith Haring, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Barry McGee, Banksy, and more created graffiti-like art on surfaces in public places like sidewalks, buildings, and overpasses.

The Pictures Generation:

Artists Cindy Sherman, Louise Lawler, Gary Simmons, and others who were influenced by Conceptual and Pop art experimented with well-known imagery to explore the graphic ideas which shaped our perceptions of the world.

Appropriation art:

Artists: David Mabb (Head of masters at Goldsmiths College) This movement focused on the use of images in art with little variation from their original form. Art-Eklecto is partly inspired by this movement.

Young British Artists (YBA):

This group of London artists were notorious for shocking audiences through their imagery, and a determination to push beyond limits of acceptable decency. They’re also known for entrepreneurial spirit.

Digital art:

The advent of the camera allowed artists to combine art and technology to create with digital mediums such as computers, and audio and visual software.